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  • Writer's pictureImmergity Immigration Consultant

Removal Orders in Canadian Immigration

Removal Order Canada

Key Points


Types of Removal Orders

Overview of the three types of removal orders: Departure Orders, Exclusion Orders, and Deportation Orders


Discussion on the consequences and obligations of each type of removal order

Returning to Canada

Exploring the process and requirements for returning to Canada after being subject to a removal order

Link to Related Immigration Concerns

Connections to visitor records, visa extensions, criminal inadmissibility, permanent resident card renewal, and maintained status in Canada

Removal orders in Canadian immigration are crucial instruments used to regulate the stay and departure of non-citizens from Canada. Understanding the nuances of these orders, their types, implications, and the subsequent steps required for re-entry into Canada is essential for anyone navigating the Canadian immigration system.

What Are Removal Orders?

A removal order is a directive issued by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) or the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) mandating a non-citizen to leave Canada. There are three primary types of removal orders:

  1. Departure Order: The most common and least severe, requiring departure within 30 days. Failure to comply results in it escalating to a deportation order​​​​​​.

  2. Exclusion Order: Generally issued for less serious offenses, barring re-entry to Canada for a specified period.

  3. Deportation Order: Issued for serious offenses or to individuals with no status in Canada, like failed refugee claimants. This order carries a permanent bar on re-entry unless overturned by a successful appeal or obtaining an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC)​​​​.

Detailed Overview of Each Type of Removal Order

Departure Orders

A departure order is issued for various reasons, like overstaying a visa or non-compliance with certain conditions. Individuals must leave Canada within 30 days, and upon departure, they must confirm their exit with Canadian immigration authorities. This compliance allows for potential re-entry under standard immigration procedures. However, failure to leave within the stipulated time or failure to validate the departure converts this into a deportation order, which is far more severe.

Exclusion Orders

Exclusion orders are typically issued for less serious breaches, such as misrepresentation or working/studying without proper authorization. This order bars individuals from re-entering Canada for a period, usually one or two years, unless a written authorization is obtained. Compliance with the terms of an exclusion order and the lapse of the exclusion period allows for reapplication to enter Canada.

Deportation Orders

Deportation orders represent the most serious type of removal order and are often issued for significant criminality or security concerns. These orders imply a permanent ban from returning to Canada. Overturning a deportation order typically requires a successful legal appeal or obtaining an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC). Obtaining an ARC involves a thorough assessment of the individual’s situation and the reasons for the initial deportation.

Consequences of Non-Compliance

Non-compliance with removal orders has serious implications. For instance, disregarding a departure order escalates it to a deportation order, increasing the severity of the situation. Moreover, the type of removal order received significantly affects one’s ability to legally return to Canada.

Practical Tips for Handling Removal Orders

Navigating the complexities of removal orders in Canada requires a proactive and informed approach. Here are some practical tips for individuals facing such orders:

  1. Understand Your Order: Fully comprehend the type of removal order you've received and its specific requirements. This understanding is crucial to avoid further complications.

  2. Comply with Deadlines: Adhere to the deadlines specified in the order, especially for departure orders. Timely compliance can prevent the escalation of the situation.

  3. Seek Legal Advice: Consult with an immigration lawyer or consultant to explore your options and understand the legal implications of your order.

  4. Document Your Departure: If under a departure order, ensure to validate your departure with Canadian authorities to avoid its conversion into a deportation order.

  5. Plan for Re-entry: If you intend to return to Canada, start planning early. Gather documents and evidence to support your application for re-entry, especially if you need an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC).

Minimizing the Impact of Removal Orders

Departure Orders

To minimize the impact of a departure order:

  • Leave Canada within the 30-day period.

  • Ensure to confirm your departure with Canadian immigration authorities.

  • Keep records of your compliance to facilitate future re-entry into Canada.

Exclusion Orders

For exclusion orders:

  • Respect the duration of the ban before attempting to re-enter Canada.

  • Gather supporting documents to justify your re-entry after the ban period.

  • Consider applying for a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) if you must return to Canada before the ban period ends.

Deportation Orders

Dealing with deportation orders involves:

  • Seeking legal advice to understand the grounds of the order and explore avenues for appeal.

  • Applying for an ARC, which requires a comprehensive and well-substantiated application.

Procedural Aspects of Re-Entering Canada

Returning to Canada after a Removal Order

Returning to Canada after being subjected to a removal order necessitates specific procedures. In cases of deportation orders, one must obtain an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC). This process involves demonstrating a change in circumstances or behavior that led to the original order.

Obtaining Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC)

After a removal order, especially a deportation order, individuals wishing to return to Canada must apply for an ARC. This process involves providing detailed information about the reasons for removal, changes in circumstances, and reasons for wishing to return to Canada. The application is carefully reviewed, and the decision is at the discretion of Canadian immigration authorities.

Impact on Future Immigration Applications

A history of removal orders can impact future immigration applications to Canada. It’s essential for applicants to disclose any prior removal orders and provide explanations. This information is crucial for visitor visa extensions, permanent resident card renewals, and applications for maintained status in Canada.

Related Immigration Concerns

The context of removal orders often intersects with other areas of Canadian immigration:

Summary and Conclusion

Removal orders in Canadian immigration are a critical aspect that non-citizens need to understand and navigate carefully. These orders, whether they are departure, exclusion, or deportation orders, carry significant consequences for one's immigration status and the ability to return to Canada.

Key Points Recap

  • Types of Removal Orders: Understand the differences between departure, exclusion, and deportation orders.

  • Compliance: Adhere to the stipulations of the removal order, especially the deadlines, to avoid escalation or additional penalties.

  • Returning to Canada: Explore the necessary steps and documentation required for re-entering Canada, especially after a deportation order.

  • Legal Assistance: Seek professional advice to navigate the complexities of removal orders and re-entry procedures.

Final Thoughts

Handling removal orders with diligence and awareness can mitigate their impact on your immigration journey. Whether it's complying with a departure order, navigating the conditions of an exclusion order, or challenging a deportation order, each scenario demands a strategic and informed approach.

Remember, each case is unique, and the guidance of an experienced immigration professional can be invaluable in these situations. They can help clarify your options, represent you in legal proceedings, and assist in preparing a robust case for your return to Canada.

If you have any further questions or need assistance with your specific situation, please don't hesitate to reach out to our immigration expert.

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